Narrative Therapy was originally founded by Michael White and David Epston. These two individuals developed this theory because they believed that all individuals told life stories that dominated their lives. "Life is a process of storytelling" (Murdock, 2013). This theory is considered playful and takes on an optimistic approach. Narrative therapists believe that clients come into the counseling session with a problem-saturated story that dominates their lives. With the story the client tells, there is a problem that emerges. The therapist will work with the client in a co-operative relationship to re-author, or re-focus, the client's attention to a preferred narrative. Getting the client to re-author their dominant story to a preferred narrative is the ultimate goal of this theory. "By forgetting our failures, by looking toward the future with blithe optimism, by ignoring history to an extent, we have the luxury of the permanent fresh start and the opportunity to reinvent ourselves each day (Casnocha, 2006).
There are many advantages to using this type of therapy. The first, most beneficial reason to using this type of therapy is that it allows the client to search his or her past and find a hidden problem that the client finds is dominating their lives. The past can be painful for the client, and the client may find relief when they are able to edit and rewrite their story. Another advantage to using this theory is that it looks at the client's strengths and opportunities for growth rather than weaknesses and failures. This may incline the client to begin the process of change and re-authoring. While there are various other advantages to this therapy, there are also some disadvantages. One of them being that it is a relatively new theory. This means that there is not many research articles that support using this therapy as a stand-alone theory. There also might be some discrepancy when it comes to using this theory with families. Since family therapy might want to work on the family as a unit, it might be hard to use narrative therapy when dealing with the relationships aspects of the family.
More information on this theory can be found at this website: